41st BCS Written English Question Solution 2021

41st BCS Written English Question Solution 2021 is available below. 41st BCS Written English Exam Question Solution 2021 has been solved by our educational team. 41 BCS Written Exam Question Solved 2021 is good news for the students. All information of 41 BCS Written English Question Solution 2021 is available below. Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) is a government organization of Bangladesh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

41st BCS Written English Question Solution 2021: 

Organization Name: Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC)

Exam Name: 41st BCS examination (General)

সকল চাকরির পরীক্ষার সময়সূচী ও ফলাফল মোবাইলে Notification পেতে নিচের Android apps মোবাইলে রাখেন: Jobs  EXam Alert 

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Total Vacancy: 2166

Total Selected for Written: 21056 

MCQ Exam Date Was: 19 March 2021 

 

Written Exam Date: 29 November to 07 December 2021 

 

English Written Exam Date: 29 November 2021 

 

See/download 41st BCS Written English Question Solution 2021 from below:

 

Read the following passage and answer the question nos 1-7 that follow:

 

An influential group of scientists have recently warned that several climate tipping points are now imminent. The researchers, part of a group of more than 14000 scientists who have signed on an initiative declaring a worldwide climate emergency. said that governments had consistently failed to address the root cause of climate change: ‘the overexploitation of the earth’. In a similar assessment in 2019. they noted an ‘unprecedented surge’ in climate-related disasters including flooding in South America and Southeast Asia. record-shattering heatwaves and wildfires in Australia and the USA and devastating cyclones in Africa and South Asian of 31 ‘vital signs’—key metrics of planetary health that include greenhouse gas emissions, glacier thickness sea-ice extent and deforestation—they found that 18 hit records highs or lows. For example, despite a dip in pollution linked to the pandemic. levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane hit all-time highs in 2021; Greenland and Antarctica both have recently showed all-time low levels of ice mass, and glaciers are melting 31 percent faster than they did just 15 years ago. they said. Both ocean heat and global sea levels set new records since 2019, and the annual loss rate of the Brazilian Amazon reached a 12-year high in 2020. Echoing previous research. they said that forest degradation linked to fire, drought and logging was causing parts of the Brazilian Amazon to now act as the source of carbon, rather than absorb the gas from the atmosphere. Tim Lemon, director of the University of Exeter’s Global systems Institute and study co-author, said the recent record-breaking heat waves in the Western United States and Canada showed that the climate had already begun to behave in shocking, unexpected ways’. “We need to respond to the evidence that we are hitting ciliate tipping points with equally urgent action to decarbonise the global economy and start restoring instead of destroying nature,” he said. The researchers said there was ‘mounting evidence that we are nearing or have already crossed’ a number of climate tipping points. These include melting of the Greeplantand West Antarmicice…slitels, which may now be irreversible on a centuries-long time scale, regardless of how or if humankind slashes its emissions. They said increasing ocean deoxygenation and warming waters were threatening warm-water coral reefs, upon which half a billion people rely for food, income and storm protection. The study has been published in the journal Bioscience. The authors echoed previous calls for transformative change infiLareas: eliminating fossil fuels, slashing pollutants, restoring ecosystems, switching to plant-based diets, moving away from indefinite growth models, and stabilizing the human population. They also called for climate change education to be included in school core curriculums globally in order to raise awareness. In the immediate term they proposed a trio of emergency responses to the climate emergency. These consisted of ‘a a significant carbon price’, a global phase-out and ban of fossil fuels, and the development of strategic climate reserves such as restoring and maintaining carbon sinks and biodiversity hotspots. “Policies to combat the climate crisis or any other symptoms should address their root cause: human overexploitation of the planet,” said William Ripple. distinguished professor of ecology at Oregon State University’s College of Forestry.

 

 

1. Answer the following questions in your own words without copying any sentences from the passage above:

 

(a) What is the main reason of climate change?

Ans: As greenhouse gas emissions blanket the Earth, they trap the sun’s heat. This leads to global warming and climate change. The world is now warming faster than at any point in recorded history.

(b) What does ‘unprecedented surge’ refer to?

 

(c) Mention some key metrics of planetary health.

 

(d) What hit all-time highs in 2021?

 

(e) Why cannot Brazilian Amazon absorb carbon from the atmosphere?

 

(f) What are the proofs of the changed behaviour of climate?

 

(g) Mention the evidence that we are nearing or have already crossed a number of climate tipping points.

 

(h) Describe the areas of Transformative change.

 

(i) What did the scientists propose as the immediate response to the climate emergency?

 

(j) Give a suitable title to the passage.

 

Ans: (a to j) try yourself using your own thought and idea. 

 

2. Write the meanings of the expressions of the following words in English using contextual clues words/expressions are underlined in the passage:

 

(a) tipping point = significant effect

 

(b) emission = The production and discharge of gas and radiation

 

(c) logging = the activity or business of felling trees and cutting and preparing the timber

 

(d) irreversible = not able to be altered

 

(c) slash = decrease

 

3. Fill in the empty cells with appropriate words according to their parts of speech: 

 

Noun

Verb

Adjective

(a) absorption

absorb x

(b) inclusion

include x

Degradation

(c) degrade

x

x

rely

(d) reliable

(e) significance x

Significant

 

4. Give an antonym for each of the following words and make sentence with the antonyms:

(a) consistently = inconsistently [In the real world, people behave inconsistently and contradict themselves. 

(b) devastating = blessed [The rain brought blessed relief from the heat] 

(c) action = indolence [My failure is probably due to my own indolence] 

(d) core = minor [His injuries were relatively minor] 

(e) awareness = ignorance [He acted in ignorance of basic procedures]

 

 

5. Make sentences of your own with each of the following words and phrases (Copying of any sentences from the above passage must be avoided):

(a) part of =  It is so a part of them to make things beautiful. 

(b) initiative = Use your initiative, imagination, and common sense to be successful in life.  

(c) record-shattering = Some commentators compared his performance to recordshattering performance. 

(d) linked to = Research associations are often linked to a particular industry. 

সকল চাকরির পরীক্ষার সময়সূচী ও ফলাফল মোবাইলে Notification পেতে নিচের Android apps মোবাইলে রাখেন: Jobs  EXam Alert 

(e) regardless = Despite her recent surgery she has been carrying on regardless.

(f) pollutant = No energy has been wasted nor has any pollutant been released into the air recently. 

(g) moving away = The couple next door is moving away today. 

(h) phase-out = They are being phased out in many places.

(i) strategic = There is a strategic and systematic plan of reading. 

(j) combat = The government is trying to combat inflation by freezing salaries in the public sector.

 

6. Summarize the passage in your own words (within 100 words).

 

Try yourself using your own thought and idea. 

 

7. Write a letter to the editor of an English daily highlighting on over exploration of the Earth and its remedies the worldwide dangers of the.

 

Try yourself using your own thought and idea. 

 

8. Write an essay in about 1000 words on any one of the following topics:

(a) Bangladesh’s Graduation to a Middle Income Country: Prospects and Challenges

(b) The Impact of the Language Movement on the Liberation War 1971

(c) Social Media and Teenage Depression.

 

Try yourself using your own thought and idea. 

 

9. Translate the following passage into Bangla:

Blue economy can play a significant role in eradication of poverty contributing to food and nutrition security, mitigation and adaptation of climate change, and generation of sustainable and inclusive livelihoods., Therefore, blue economy requires a balanced approach between conservation, development and utilization if marine and coastal eco-systems, all oceanic en Dancing value and generates decent employment, and productive marine economy and healthy marine eco-systems; Pritharily, blue ‘economy should have adequate focus on well-being and livelihood of people. Secondly, engagements between countries and stakeholders on blue economy should be based on the principles of mutual trust and respect, equitable mutual benefit and sharing of benefits to secure sustained and beneficial outcome of all ocean-centric enterprises* If is needless to say that for most of the developing states, particularly for Bangladesh making transition to blue economy world, entail fundamental and systemic changes in their policy, management and governance frameworks. It will also necessitate the identification of various maritime economic functions. Because, maritime functions in the context of blue economy are not related to economic sectors only; they cover the relevant maritime value chains including backward and forward linkages.

 

 

Try yourself using your own thought and idea. 

 

10. Translate the following passage into English:

যুদ্ধ, নিপীড়ন, সহিংসতা ও মানবাধিকার লঙ্ঘন থেকে বাঁচতে আজ সারা বিশ্বে ৮ কোটি ২০ লাখের বেশি মানুষ বাস্তুচ্যুত। বাস্তুচ্যুত মানুষের এ রেকর্ড সংখ্যা পুরো বাংলাদেশের জনসংখ্যার প্রায় অর্ধেক। সারা বিশ্বে বাস্তুচ্যুতির প্রধান উৎসের পাঁচটি দেশের একটি মিয়ানমার, যেখান থেকে ২০১৭ সালে প্রায় ১০ লাখ রোহিঙ্গা শরণার্থী হয়ে বাংলাদেশে পালিয়ে এসেছে। উদার মানবিকতার দৃষ্টান্ত হিসেবে বাংলাদেশ চার বছর ধরে এসব রোহিঙ্গা শরণার্থীকে কক্সবাজারে আশ্রয় দিচ্ছে। এই শরণার্থীরা নিজ দেশে ফিরে যেতে চায়; কিন্তু তাদের নিরাপত্তা, মর্যাদা এবং মিয়ানমারের নাগরিক হওয়ার একটি সুষ্ঠু পরিকল্পনা ছাড়া সেটা সম্ভব নয়। তার আগপর্যন্ত এখানে আমরা তাদের সুরক্ষা, সহায়তা ও নিরাপত্তা দিয়ে যাচ্ছি। প্রত্যেক শরণার্থীর রয়েছে ব্যক্তিগত দুঃখ–কষ্ট ও যন্ত্রণার ইতিহাস। বিশ্ব শরণার্থী দিবসের এই দিনে আমরা স্মরণ করি তাদের দৃঢ় প্রত্যয় ও টিকে থাকার মনোভাবকেও। তারা নিয়মিত সংগ্রাম করে যাচ্ছে মর্যাদার সঙ্গে বেঁচে থাকতে। তারা আশাবাদী, একদিন তারা নিজ দেশ মিয়ানমারে ফিরে যাবে।

 

উত্তরঃ 

At present, more than 82 million people around the world are displaced to save them from war, oppression, violence and human rights abuses. This record number of displaced people is almost half of the total population of Bangladesh. Myanmar is one of the five major sources of displacement across the world, from where about 10 lakh Rohingya fled to Bangladesh being refugees in 2017. Bangladesh has been sheltering these Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar for four years as an example of liberal humanity. These displaced refugees want to return to their respective country. But it is not possible without a fair plan for their security, dignity and citizenship of Myanmar. Until then, we have been providing them protection, support and safety. Every refugee has a history of individual suffering and misery. We also remember their firm conviction and the struggle of survival on this day of World Refugee Day. They are regularly struggling to survive with dignity. They are optimistic that one day they will return to Myanmar, their homeland.

 

 

Note: সমাধান করার মত প্রশ্নসমূহের সমাধান করা হয়েছে। বিস্তারিত ও বড় প্রশ্নের অংশের সমাধান একেক জনের একেক রকম হবে। তাই নিজেরাই চেষ্টা করুন। ধন্যবাদ… 

 

See/download 41st BCS Written English Question 2021 from the below images: 

 

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41st BCS Written English Question Solution 2021:

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